1. Can you describe a project you have worked on and some innovations you have made?
Ans. Demonstrates candidates’ experience and work history. Take note of candidates who lack experience, but provide possible innovations for future projects.
2. Talk about the negative effects that can come from loading an aircraft in an extreme tail heavy manner.
Ans. While there are many negative effects of a tail heavy aircraft in flight, this question is allowing your interviewer insight to some of your basic engineering knowledge. As you talk about the negative effects that this has on the flight of the aircraft, try to explain what these things happen from an engineering perspective to show that you have the basic knowledge for this role.
3. Talk about a home project that you are working on or recently worked on. How is this relevant to your career?
Ans. One of the most common interview questions for Aerospace Engineers, this question allows your interviewer to get insight into your motivation and drive outside of work by peeking in to a personal project you have undertaken. If you are asked this question in the interview, your interviewer is a believer that an engineer that experiments on their own time is more apt to be a harder worker on the job. As you prepare for this question prior to your interview, be sure to think about a project that outlines your personal motivation to make you a better engineer overall.
also read:- Electrical engineering interview questions & ans
4. What software and coding skills have you developed over your career?
Ans. Today, Aerospace Engineers will be expected to be fluent in a varying degree of software programs used in design and analysis. Your interviewer will also expect that you have some experience in basic coding langue like Python or C. As you answer and describe all of the programs that you have worked in and feel comfortable operating, be sure to make it clear to your interviewer that you are easily trainable on new software you would be required to use for the role you are interviewing for.
Aerospace Engineer Interview Questions
5. Why do you want to work at this company?
Ans. Whether you’re interviewing for a job in quality assurance, mechanical engineering, or any other job within the aerospace and defense industry, your interviewer will want to know that you’re serious about the position and passionate about contributing to the next generation of air and space innovation. To prepare for this question, make sure to research the company, including its past achievements. Highlighting specific details about the company’s work and tying that work into your own interests and experience is a great way to demonstrate that you will thrive in the role.
Aerospace Engineer Interview Questions
6. Tell me about a time you were in a stressful work situation. How did you handle it?
Ans. This question is designed to test your problem-solving skills under pressure. Any job within the aerospace and defense industry requires a lot of responsibility, and your interviewer will want to make sure you’re up for the challenge and can keep cool even when the stakes are high. When answering this question, it’s important to be as specific as possible. Describe the stressful situation and talk through the steps you took to get your work done quickly and effectively. How did you decide what to do? What was the outcome of the project?
7. Tell me about a project that didn’t work out. What did you learn?
Ans. In the aerospace and defense industry, you’ll likely encounter your fair share of challenges as you and your team test out new tools, technologies and processes. Your interviewer won’t just want to hear about your past successes—they will also want to know how you respond to failure. No one likes talking about this, but being able to show your interviewer what you’ve learned from a project that didn’t go according to plan is extremely important. In a fast-paced, ever-changing field like this, you’ll need to be adaptable. Often, you’ll be working on brand-new projects, which means there will be a lot of testing and learning along the way. When answering this question, focus on a project that didn’t go smoothly but still had a big impact on your work.
8. Tell me about a time you challenged popular opinion?
Ans. The most important advances in any field often happen when someone doesn’t accept that “we’ve always done it that way”. This question is used to understand how you react when the opinion of your peers conflicts with how you think things should be done. It isn’t easy to stand up and state your opposing opinion—especially when you’re the only one in the room that has it. However, your interviewer is likely looking for someone who is confident enough in their research and understanding of technical topics to speak up in these situations. To answer this question, clearly explain why you challenged popular opinion, how you communicated your perspective, and how you were ultimately able to show others the benefits of your suggestions.
9. What Is Spice? Where Was It Developed?
Ans. The full form of SPICE is Simulation program with integrated circuit emphasis.This is the widely used analog simulator, which was developed at electronics research lab of California University.
10. What Are The Three Tactical Elements Of Electronic Warfare?
Ans. Electronic warfare has three main elements:
ES – Electronic support – This has high passive acquisition intelligence about friend and foe
EA – Electronic attack – that has passive and active denial of RF spectrum
EP – Electronic protection – protects friendly personnel and assets by active and passive techniques.
11. What Is The Requirement To Become A Professional Engineer (pe) In The Field Of Aerospace?
Ans. Professional Engineer license is required for people who aspire to go in as officially approved engineer. The design specification is done by selfemployed people or working in small business. General aerospace engineers work for government or for big companies and hence few people are not very keen on becoming PEï½s. To become a PE one has to pass an exam on fundamentals of engineering which takes alot of hours to gruel and work under a licensed PE for about four years. In addition, they have to grow through a principle and practice of engineering exam, which requires about 8 hours.
12. Does The Knowledge Of Mathematics Of Science Is Required To Get Into Aerospace Engineering?
Ans. The basic understanding of Math is important, as it is not used at all the time during the course of aerospace engineering. One should have a basic understanding of mathematical definitions and knowledge on computers is very important as the computer programs will help in doing simple calculations and verify the results are reasonable. However, on the science front it is very important to have a very good understanding on various subjects like dynamics and mechanics in physics, strong emphasis on chemistry, electromagnetism.For a good engineer one should know how law of forces makes things happen. In addition, if you are good at physical sciences when opposed to life sciences like biology you will be a fit candidate for aerospace engineering
Aerospace Engineer Interview Questions
13. What Do You Understand By Aerodynamics/performance Analysis?
Ans. Aerodynamics / performance analysis in military programs include responsibility like analyzing aerodynamics impacts which effects from external modifications, developing mission profiles based on requirements from the customer, performance data of the mission which includes take off and landing details, en route and mission data performance. Analyze the configurations using the dynamics, which are fluid and computational. Additional task may include support for wind tunnel planning for test flight. Documentation, test support, data analysis should be done on regular basis. Co ordination of aerodynamics with multi discipline teams and data should be provided for support flight management system or mission planning software.
14. What Will Be The Responsibility Of The Spacecraft Operations, Dynamics, And Controls?
Ans. People working on these areas as aerospace engineers should have familiarity and exposure to NASTRAN and MATLAB with knowledge on space environment and modeling of flexible dynamics. These aerospace engineers will be responsible to work in the areas of structural control, momentum control, line of sight (LOS), spacecraft mission design, control of space boards payloads, operational engineering.
15.Explain About Stress Analysis?
Ans. People working on these areas as an aerospace engineer should have familiarity and exposure to NASTRAN and MATLAB with knowledge on space environment and modeling of flexible dynamics. These aerospace engineers will be responsible to conduct stress analysis on metallic and composite structures. NASTRAN, IDEAD, Oracle, and PATRAN proficiency level is required. Their duties also include on aircraft, which are metallic and composite structures. This includes and understanding of control surface stiffness and loop calculations, finite element modeling (FEM), fatigue testing requirement and analysis.
16.What Made You Choose Aerospace Engineering?
Ans. Let’s face it, aerospace is not the most common career an individual could choose. It’s not every day you see aerospace engineers, so the employer is going to want to know why this person chose to work as an aerospace engineer. This career requires at least a bachelor’s degree, which includes at least four years of study. Depending on the job, the candidate may also be required to obtain a security clearance, so the applicant should be committed to this field and should be able to portray this to the potential employer.
17.Can you explain the difference between subsonic and supersonic airflow?
Ans. The difference between subsonic and supersonic airflow is related to the speed of the airflow relative to the speed of sound.
1.Subsonic airflow: Subsonic airflow is airflow that is slower than the speed of sound (Mach number less than 1). In subsonic airflow, the pressure waves generated by the airflow are able to move downstream and interact with the surrounding air, leading to the formation of shockwaves and turbulence. Subsonic airflow is typically found at low altitudes and is encountered by most aircraft during takeoff, landing, and cruising.
2.Supersonic airflow: Supersonic airflow is airflow that is faster than the speed of sound (Mach number greater than 1). In supersonic airflow, the pressure waves generated by the airflow are not able to move downstream and interact with the surrounding air, leading to the formation of a shockwave called a sonic boom. Supersonic airflow is typically found at high altitudes and is encountered by high-speed aircraft such as fighters, and supersonic commercial transport.
The main difference between subsonic and supersonic airflow is that in subsonic airflow, the airflow interacts with the aircraft’s surfaces and generates lift, while in supersonic airflow, the airflow does not interact with the aircraft’s surfaces and generates drag. This is why supersonic aircrafts use different wing designs, such as delta wings, that generate lift at high speeds. Additionally, supersonic flight requires much more powerful propulsion systems and advanced materials that can withstand the high temperatures and forces generated by supersonic airflow.
18.How do you design a propulsion system for an aircraft?
Ans. Designing a propulsion system for an aircraft involves several steps and considerations, including:
1.Defining the propulsion system requirements: This includes determining the thrust and power needed for the aircraft’s mission, as well as any specific operational requirements such as altitude, speed, and range.
2.Selecting the propulsion system configuration: This includes deciding on the type of propulsion system, such as jet, turboprop, or turbofan, and the number and arrangement of engines.
3.Designing the propulsion system components: This includes designing the engines, nacelles, inlets, exhausts, and other propulsion system components. Engineers use computer simulations and wind tunnel testing to optimize the design and performance of these components.
4.Analyzing the propulsion system performance: Engineers use computer simulations and mathematical models to analyze the propulsion system’s performance, including thrust, fuel consumption, and emissions. They also consider the aircraft’s weight, drag, and other operational factors.
5.Evaluating the propulsion system safety and reliability: Engineers use safety and reliability analysis to ensure that the propulsion system meets the required safety and reliability standards.
6.Testing and certification: The propulsion system must be tested and certified by the relevant regulatory authorities, such as the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) or the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA).
7.Manufacturing, assembly and maintenance: The propulsion system needs to be manufactured, assembled and maintained to ensure it functions as intended and is able to meet the required standards throughout its lifecycle.
It is worth noting that the propulsion system design process is a complex and multidisciplinary effort that involves collaboration between aerospace engineers, propulsion engineers, aerodynamicists, and other experts. Additionally, the design process is iterative and may require multiple rounds of revisions and testing before the final propulsion system is selected.
19.What is the difference between airfoil and wing design?
Ans. Airfoil and wing design are related, but they refer to different aspects of aircraft design.
1.Airfoil design: An airfoil is the shape of a cross-section of a wing, and it is designed to generate lift. Airfoil design is an important aspect of aircraft design and involves the use of mathematical equations, computer simulations, and wind tunnel testing to optimize the shape of the airfoil for the specific flight conditions and aircraft mission. Airfoil design is mainly focused on the shape of the wing cross-section and its effect on lift, drag and stall.
2.Wing design: Wing design refers to the overall design of the wing, including its size, shape, and arrangement on the aircraft. Wing design also involves the selection of the wing planform (shape of the wing seen from the top), which is an important aspect of the aircraft’s overall aerodynamics. Wing design also includes consideration of the wing’s structural design, such as its strength and weight, and its integration with the rest of the aircraft.
In summary, airfoil design is focused on the cross-section of the wing and how it generates lift, while wing design is focused on the overall design of the wing and how it fits into the overall aircraft design.
20.How do you analyze the structural integrity of an aircraft?
Ans. Analyzing the structural integrity of an aircraft involves several steps, including:
1.Defining the structural requirements: This includes determining the loads and stress that the aircraft will experience during its various stages of flight, such as takeoff, landing, and in-flight conditions.
2.Designing the aircraft structure: Engineers use computer-aided design (CAD) tools and mathematical models to design the aircraft structure, including the fuselage, wing, tail, and other components. They also consider the aircraft’s weight, drag, and other operational factors.
3.Conducting finite element analysis: Engineers use finite element analysis (FEA) to simulate the aircraft’s response to loads and stresses. FEA is a numerical method that uses mathematical equations to analyze the behavior of a structure under different loads and conditions. Engineers use FEA to identify potential problem areas and to optimize the design of the aircraft structure.
4.Testing and validation: Engineers conduct ground and flight testing to validate the structural design of the aircraft. Testing includes a variety of load and stress tests, such as static load testing, fatigue testing, and flutter testing. They also conduct inspections and non-destructive testing to ensure that the aircraft structure meets the required standards.
5.Certification: The aircraft structure must be certified by the relevant regulatory authorities, such as the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) or the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to ensure that it meets the required safety and reliability standards.
6.Maintenance: The aircraft structure needs to be inspected and maintained throughout its lifetime to ensure its structural integrity, the maintenance schedule and procedures are defined by the regulatory authorities.
It is worth noting that the structural analysis process is a complex and multidisciplinary effort that involves collaboration between aerospace engineers, stress engineers, materials engineers, and other experts. It is an iterative process that may require multiple rounds of revisions and testing before the final design is approved.
best of luck guys 👍